Hazrat Meerza Agha Mohammad (R.A.) was born in early part
of the 19th century in Lucknow, India. He, from his very
childhood was interested in knowing the way to GOD. He was
obsessed with a question as to how to find ALLAH?
He would ask his parents, teachers, and religious scholars
but was never satisfied with the answers. An event in his early
life transformed him and triggered off his spiritual search leading
him from Sufi Shaykh Shah Maqsus Alam (R.A.) to Sufi Shaykh
Hazrat Taj-ul-Aualiya -Shah Nizamuddin Hussain Niazi (R.A.).
Later as a Sufi Shaykh himself, He got settled in
Jabalpur India.He passed away on August 17,1917.
The life of Hazrat Agha Sahib (R.A.) is a true reflection
of ALLAH's Sifat (attribute)-e-Jalal (Majesty) and
Jamal (Beauty) at its Kamal (Zenith). He, from his very childhood
had a burning desire to find ALLAH? This desire transformed
into love for ALLAH and ultimately into the compassion for
humanity. He had walked on earth like a 'Spiritual Sun' emanating
rays of wisdom that would penetrate the dark wall of ignorance enshrouding
a thirsty soul and made the moon of His heart glow with spiritual
Hazrat Agha Sahib (R.A.) was born in Lucknow, India in the
early 1800's. His family had migrated to India from Persia.
Due to their status and the family background, they soon became
part of the elite class of Lucknow. Hazrat Sahib' s
parents were very religious by nature. As a child, Hazrat Agha
Sahib (R.A.) had inherited this religiousness and always preferred
it on other playful activities of children.
However, He was born with a fire of longing in his heart
to know ALLAH. He had a deep curiosity about it and
would always wanted to have a concrete answer as to how to find
ALLAH. He had been receiving all sort of replies but
none to His satisfaction. This ever-increasing enquiry transformed
into a burning desire leading Him from one teacher to another.
Once, He came to know of a wandering Sufi Shaykh who
was staying in one of the cottages in the city. Hazrat Sahib
started visiting him quite frequently in search for his answer.
One evening, He arrived late and while he was about to enter
Shaykh's residence, He heard Shaykh's wife
asking Shaykh to provide food at least for the innocent children
as it was then three days that the whole family had been starved.
As Hazrat Sahib belonged to a rich family, this situation
was new to Him and it really very much moved Him.
He immediately went back to his home and told the whole thing
to his mother who arranged food for the Shaykh's family and
Hazrat Sahib returned happily with this food. When Shaykh
noticed the food, He gladly informed his wife, 'Look!
ALLAH the Provider has arranged for the food'. The Shaykh's
wife started waking up the starved children while He alongwith
Hazrat Sahib went for ablution leaving the food at the door.
When they returned, they found out that a dog was eating the food.
The Shaykh thanked ALLAH and sat quietly in his cottage.
His wife became very upset at all this and said to Shaykh,'
"Is this the justice of your ALLAH? The children of
human beings remain hungry while animals are being fed. How will
I make these children sleep again? Hazrat Sahib was too young
to understand all that! This was too much for Him and tears
started flowing from his eyes. The Shaykh approached at the
door and said to Hazrat Sahib. 'Do not cry! This is how ALLAH
wanted. You have done whatever you could do to help us - ALLAH
rewards you for that!' By hearing that, emotions welled up within
him and he could not stop crying. The Shaykh came out of
the cottage and embraced him and said,' Go home! and remember, today
I have embraced you and tomorrow you cannot even conceive
who is going to embrace you'. Hazrat Sahib arrived back home
but could not sleep the whole night and as soon as his family woke
up for the morning prayers, He ran to his mother and told
her everything. She immediately arranged for some food and He
went back to Shaykh's cottage. When Hazrat Sahib reached
at the Shaykh's cottage, He was shocked to find out
that the cottage was deserted as no one had ever lived there. The
Shaykh with his family had left for an unknown destination
without leaving any trace. This whole event transformed Hazrat
Sahib completely. He lost interest in the world and spark
of his love for ALLAH turned into a flame of determination
to find HIM.
One day at a local mosque, He heard of another Sufi Shaykh
Shah Maqsus Alam (R.A.) residing in the town of Banda. He
felt such a longing for the Shaykh that without any fear
of the consequences, He left his home quietly without telling
anyone else to meet Hazrat Shah Alam (R.A.). At such a tender
age and with a well-protected home environment, it was not an easy
journey for the young soul. However, He was determined to
find ALLAH. On His way to Banda, He stopped
by at Kanpur where one of his father's acquaintance recognised him
and took him to his home with the intention of sending him back
to Lucknow the next day. However, in the middle of the night, Hazrat
Sahib slipped quietly from his home to proceed towards Banda.
He survived the next few days by selling his gold earring,
but then He had no money to get food. He reached at
a mosque in a small town, where He did not ask for any food
though terribly hungry. Mir Insha Mian - a locally renowned
person noticed the imminent contrast in Hazrat Sahib's condition
as a noble boy in rags. He immediately approached Him
and offered Him some food, but He refused. Again,
then He asked him to give tuition to his children in exchange
for food. Hazrat Sahib agreed, but did not accept the food
before giving first tuition to the children. After passing few weeks
in this town, He moved on to Banda to meet Hazrat Maqsus
Alam (R.A.) and became his disciple. In Banda, Hazrat Agha
Sahib not only acquired spiritual education, but also obtained
worldly education. Later, Hazrat Maqsus Alam (R.A.) nominated
Him as his successor. However after the death of Hazrat
Maqsus Alam (R.A.), he went to Bareilly to visit Hazrat Tajul-Aulia
Shah Nizamuddin Hussain (R.A.) to tread further on the spiritual
path. He devoted himself wholeheartedly to this cause and
with the permission of Hazrat Tajul-Aulia (R.A.) started
a Khaneqah (Sufi centre) in Jabalpur. Though later He
got married and had children, but in His worldly lifespan,
He had always been dominated by The Sufi way of Remembering
ALLAH at all times and at any costs. Travelling, attending functions,
even death of His two children could not stop Him
to alter His daily schedule of prayers and meditations. His
spiritual strength can somewhat be felt from the following events
of his life:
a) One afternoon, He was coming back to His home after
meditating at a quiet place away from the town. On His way
back when He passed near a pond, a woman who came to fill
her earthen pot with water tried to pass Him as He
was walking slowly. As He raised his lowered eyes to gaze
at her, she felt that her whole body started burning with an invisible
fire. He broke the earthen pot on her head with His
stick and water made her wet, but still the sensation of burning
remained and she ran towards his home and told his wife that Hazrat's
gaze had put her on fire. In the meantime, Hazrat arrived
and told her 'there is no fire that could burn you' and she immediately
felt relieved. The present Shaykh Hazrat Dr. Meerza Ikhtiyar
Hussain has commented on this that it was the effect of 'Shaghal-e-Aftabi'-
a Sufi meditation method in which an advanced spiritual soul gazes
at sun from sunrise to sunset for a particular time period.
b) A few weeks before His visaal (departure from this physical
plane of existence), the answer to His only enquiry of life
i.e. How to find ALLAH? became imminent in His complete
absorption in ALLAH (Istaghraq-kulli). He started
losing in touch with the physical needs of his life. He even
could not recognize people around Him. In those days, He
could only be recalled to the physical plane of existence by mentioning
the name of His Shaykh i.e. Hazrat Tajul-Aulia (R.A.).
This is what the real love is! This is how; Sufis are able
to provide such a beautiful literature saturated with love to the
world. In those days, one of his disciples Shirin bai fell seriously
ill and diagnosed by the Doctors as incurable. She was in Mumbai
and could not pay a visit to her Shaykh i.e. Hazrat Agha
Sahib (R.A.), hence she sent another fellow disciple to Jabalpur
to mention her condition to Hazrat Agha Sahib (R.A.). He
had been recalled to the physical plane by mentioning the name of
Hazrat Tajul-Aulia (R.A.) and after listening to the condition
of Shirin bai, He wrote something on paper and handed it
over to the disciple to give it to Shirin bai. Interestingly, she
had been cured at the time while He was writing on the piece
of paper. Later, after the visaal of Hazrat Agha Sahib, it
was noticed that he wrote on the paper,'Darbar-e-Agha Mohammad
Shirin bai Muraad bar aayee'i.e. Shirin bai's demand to be cured
has been accepted in the kingdom of Agha Mohammad.
c) Near the time of His visaal, most of His disciples
had been living close to Him. At the time of His death,
his successor Dr. Meerza Murtuza Hussain (R.A.) visioned
a dream like reality that a large earth shaped ball was bouncing
in front of Him and it started moving up, up and further
up till it reached at the sky and exploded into numberless pieces.
These pieces started shining like stars and each star was reflecting
the face of Agha Sahib. Hazrat Dr. Sahib felt a kind
of fear and awe from such a majestic view. Immediately, he heard
the voice of Hazrat Agha Sahib,'Why are you afraid? It's
me! Agha Mohammad.' After listening to this, Hazrat Dr. Sahib
felt relieved and came out of this trance like state, but at the
same time heard a loud voice of Hazrat Agha Sahib calling,
'Ill-ALLAH'(Affirm! that only ALLAH exist). This voice
was so loud that even the disciples who were fast asleep woke up
and that was the moment when Hazrat Agha Sahib passed away
from the physical plane of existence, leaving the echo of 'Ill-ALLAH'
that still resonates in the lives of people attached to his silsila
Whenever we travel, we tend to think of going somewhere. However,
if we keep on going, sooner or later we end up at the same place
from where we had started our journey as we move on a circular path.
Hence, our starting and finishing points are relative, otherwise
these are the same. The heavenly bodies as well as the smallest
particle of any substance is circular in appearance. This is not
restricted to the physical objects rather the whole pattern of life
moves in and out of an endless circle. It is like a process of rainfall
where water rises from the sea as vapors and move away from the
sea in the form of clouds and then these clouds fall as rain which
through rivers and creeks again moves back into the sea. Likewise,
a seed gives birth to the fruits, flowers and trees that again provide
seeds and this process moves on ad infinitum. The human life also
follows the same pattern of reproduction. Perhaps, this is why Socrates
"There is nothing new under the Sun"
However, if we go a little deeper, we can see it as the partial
truth. For instance, the rain water that we see as moving back into
its source i.e. sea, appear as such due to our limited way of perceiving
reality, otherwise it moves ahead into the sea because sea has gone
through many changes during that time period and likewise the vapors.
Hence, it is a merger of same yet different waters. This journey
of water to water is from its origin to origin, but every moment
the water is new and by the time it reaches back to its origin,
the origin itself changes and so is the raining water. Van Gogh,
the great German artist once started drawing a sketch of the sun.
When many days passed and the painting remained incomplete, someone
asked him, "why can't you finish with the simple painting of
the sun?". He answered, "In the beginning, I thought it
simple but now I realize that every day there is a new sun, hence
the difficulty to complete my painting".
This is why one does not get bored rather gets rejuvenated every
time in the presence of flowers, grass and other natural phenomena
because they are constantly being renewed. Physically, one may miss
the newness of all life
forms as they always look same as grass is always green, jasmine
is always white but deep down one feels the freshness of these things
every time. This brings us to another statement made by Heraclitus:-
"You can't step into the same river twice"
However, it can be observed that both these statements are not
opposites of each other rather complimentary. They reflect the two
sides of the same coin. It is our common observation that one's
life depends on the incoming
and outgoing breath which is again a circular motion, but every
breath is a new breath yet the same breath. These paradoxes are
difficult to comprehend by the mind due to its mode of thinking.
It can understand things with their opposites in the backdrop. For
a mind, day and night refer to two different realities. However,
in reality, a demarcation cannot be made between the states of day
and night. Due to this, mind comprehends one half of the picture
at a time. It cannot see the day and night together rather one half
of the reality. This partial vision gives rise to division of things.
Analysis takes priority over Synthesis. This trend of thinking divides
humanity into compartments. One feels a distance from others in
the name of race, sex, religion, etc. The human values are superceded
by the artificial values. In reality, each human being is just like
the other yet unique in his own ways. A human being should be viewed
as a human being and not a labeled personality. However, only very
few people are able to pass their lives with this understanding
where divine compassion is reflected in its full grandeur. Such
living beings are the true reflection of highest human values and
their love showers on every living being without any
Not very long ago, Dr. Meerza Murtuza Hussain
(R.A.) had presented this dimension of life in its perfection.
Several people are still alive who have experienced this immaculate
milieu of love around Dr. Sahib (R.A.). His very presence
would charge the atmosphere with love and heal the people around
him from their psychological ailments.
He was born in Jabalpur - M.P. India in the year 1877. His
father was a Sufi Master but of a strict belief that his
family members would support themselves from their own resources
rather than of Khanqah's. Due to this, all of his children
got modern day education and secured jobs against the common tradition
of those days for Pirzadas to be dependant on Khanqah's
resources. Dr. Sahib (R.A.), by profession turned out to
be a medical practitioner who graduated from the Calcutta Medical
Like his father, He was also seriously interested in providing
modern day education to all the children around Him. To achieve
this purpose, a club for children was formed. In this club, besides
modern day education, children were also required to participate
in games, music classes and self-defense training. A special horse
carriage was purchased for children where all of them had been given
rides regularly. A managing committee used to take care of this
club. Interestingly enough, except that of an ordinary member, His
only son was never appointed as an office bearer of this club. Also,
children used to pass some of their leisure time playing with the
animals as a large section of his house had been used for keeping
pets. Dr. Sahib (R.A.) had a large collection of birds, deer,
horses, cows, rabbits, squirrels, monkeys, cheetah, cats, and a
pond full of color fish. He would give personal attention to those
animals and take utmost care of them.
He had always shown a great respect and affection towards
women. Least to mention, in every gathering held at his house whether
religious or social in nature, He had always been considerate
towards their preferences regarding food items and qawwalis. Being
a doctor, He had shown no discrimination towards his patients
whether they were Muslims or non-Muslims, men or women. With this
attitude, he had accepted disciples from other religious faiths
also. He had accepted courtesans as his disciples too who were all
transformed just because of Dr. Sahib (R.A.)'s affection
and acceptance and almost all of them had gotten married and lived
a life of respect.
Throughout his lifetime, Dr. Sahib (R.A.)'s love had showered
on everyone alike without any prejudice. Dr. Sahib (R.A.)'s
unprejudiced love for human beings is particularly reflected in
the days of Hindu Muslim riots. He would freely enter the riot ridden
areas to see his patients. The representatives of Muslims and Hindus
used to request him not to take such a risk, but he would answer
them both with a smile, "God takes care of me."
He had never left his patients unattended under any circumstances.
Amidst that turmoil of religious strife, his horse carriage stood
as the symbol of peace. Dr. Sahib (R.A.) was one of the most
famous physicians of Jabalpur who had three running clinics. Inspite
of his fame, he had great consideration for the poor people. Several
of his poor patients had reported to say that instead of charging
fees, Dr. Sahib (R.A.) would give them money from his own
pocket for buying milk and fruits. As a spiritual master, occasionally,
he used to be invited by his disciples. He would treat his rich
or poor disciples alike. Once in a gathering, one of his poor disciples
desired that if he had enough money, he would have invited Dr.
Sahib (R.A.) to his house. Instantly, Dr. Sahib (R.A.)
pointed at him and said, "I wish, I could have 'besan ki
roti with lehsan ki chatni' at your house."It was not difficult
even for a poor person to arrange for such a dinner. Such an attitude
towards his disciples had existed throughout his lifetime, where
he appeared more like a father than a spiritual guide. Once, in
a winter season, he was staying in Bombay. His disciples
used to be gathered from evening till late in the night. During
a cold night, some of the disciples stayed at his place and went
to sleep in his room. When they woke up in the morning, they realized
that they were covered in the blanket of Dr. Sahib (R.A.)
while he was busy in his Zikr and Wazifa in the corner
of the room.
As a Sufi disciple, he went through a vigorous spiritual
training under the guidance of his father Hazrat Meerza Agha
Mohammad (R.A.) who happened to be his Shaykh too. During
the last year of his lifetime, Hazrat Agha Sahib(R.A.) asked
Dr. Sahib (R.A.) to leave everything aside and live together
with him. Dr. Sahib (R.A.) was even supposed to prepare food
for his Shaykh. With the passing of days, Dr. Sahib (R.A.)
gradually had stopped meeting people and his clinics were closed
down due to his absence. He absolutely devoted himself to His
Shaykh. This phase in his lifetime continued for a period of
time, then Hazrat Sahib (R.A.) asked him to go back to his
normal daily routine. Later, Hazrat Agha Sahib (R.A.)
told his disciples,
"I had kept him in an isolation for a while, as I did not
want him to be obsessed with the world. I merely wanted to see whether
Dr. Sahib (R.A.) is able to maintain a balance between the material
and spiritual worlds and I am satisfied to see that he is able to
tread on a middle path where worldly involvement's cannot hinder
him remembering 'ALLAH'. I know, it is absolutely necessary for
an individual to earn his livelihood through proper means, hence
I have sent him back to His clinics amidst his worldly and spiritual
Inspite of his fame and three clinics, all of his life, Dr.
Sahib (R.A.) lived in a rented house and did never own a house.
Also, He did not leave any material wealth for his children.
However, on his death bed he uttered some of the most precious words
to his fourteen year old son who was obviously very much disturbed
at that time. Dr. Sahib (R.A.) said,
"God is more of a Beloved for us than a Creator and whatsoever
comes from the Beloved whether pleasure or pain is acceptable for
the lover. Always remember it in any situation and every stage of
your life, then life will be a beautiful experience for you. You
will see HIM everywhere and you will find HIM everywhere and this
is what the purpose of life is!"
Presently, Sufi Shaykh of this order is Dr. Meerza Ikhtiyar
Hussain. He does not like to have his long introduction on this
website. However, we would at least add a persian proverb as his
introduction, which he conveyed to his disciples in another context.
The proverb says,'mushk aanast kaey khud babooyad na kaey attar
me goyad' i.e. the fragrance of musk is itself an introduction
to the musk and a chemist / perfume seller does not have to describe
its qualities. Besides, he is a poet and has also written several
books on the Sufi path.
Following is a list of books (in urdu language) written by Hazrat
Dr. Shah Meerza Ikhtiyar Hussain:
It presents the esoteric dimension of the ascension (Mairaaj) of
Prophet Mohammad (Peace And Blessings of ALLAH Be Upon Him). This
is a unique book in a sense that such teachings were only available
in the Khanqahs (Sufi Centers), but were never printed in the past.
Muarif -ul-Tasmeeh wal Fateha
The explanation of 'Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim' and 'Sura Fateha'
In the light of 'Wahdat-ul-Wujud'.
The explanation of 'Huroof-e-Mutaqqiat' as understood by the Sufis
Mazarat Aur Bid'at
The different practices and rituals associated with the Sufis, that
have been called unislamic by a group of Muslims, have been presented
in the light of Quran and Sunnah.
Arkaan-e-Khamsa ki Aarifana Tashreeh
Interpretation of the five pillars of Islam from the Sufi perspective.
The poetry collection of Hazrat Dr. Ikhtiyar Hussain Meerza.
A collection of the articles written by Hazrat Dr. Ikhtiyar Hussain
Meerza that were printed in different magazines from time to
A collection of the letters written by Hazrat Dr. Ikhtiyar Hussain
Shah Niaz ka Farsi Kalaam
The translation of Hazrat Niaz bae Niaz (RA) poetry from
persian to urdu alongwith an explanation of certain subtle matters
pertaining to spirituality.